This Confined Space Guide for General Industry has been developed to explain the hazards of confined space work and to assist employers in establishing and maintaining an effective confined space program. By implementing such a program, both employ- ers and employees will be able to:
• Recognize, evaluate, and control confined space hazards.
• Save lives and protect employees from job-related injuries and illnesses.
• Promote safe and effective work practices.
• Reduce preventable workers’ compensation losses.
• Comply with the law.
For easy reference, the guide is separated into six distinct main sections:
1- Rescue, which addresses questions about various types of rescue operations, rescue training, and equipment, along with the importance of well-planned rescue activities.
2- Definitions and Basics, which contains essential definitions of terms such as confined space (guia de segurança para espaços confinados em inglês pdf), immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH), and the permissible exposure limit (PEL). This section also addresses entry issues and issues relating to permit evaluation (including permit-required confined space reclassification, alternate procedures, and hot work permits).
3- Confined Space Hazards, which addresses specific atmo- spheric and physical problems that can be encountered when working in confined spaces as well as questions relating to Safety Data Sheets (SDS) and atmospheric testing.
4- Hazard Controls, which addresses means of preventing accidents and controlling other problems by eliminating or controlling confined space hazards.
5- Training and Education, which addresses the importance of gaining new understanding of critical confined space issues and acquiring practical skills for successful confined space work. This section applies to the supervisor, the entrant, and the attendant.